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[An Italian Armillary Sphere] [Armillary Sphere] Italy, c. 1825. Wooden stand and rings, paper, brass, gores on terrestrial sphere. 350mm x 190mm in diameter.
The outermost sphere measures 19 centimetres in diameter and is composed of two wooden circles, which are perpendicularly fixed to each other and represent latitude and longitude. one of them is inscribed with ‘coluro de solstizj’ and the other with ‘coluro degli equinozj’. Both are also labeled with inscriptions for fixed stars, and at their intersections are the Poles. Running horizontally is another circle, marked internally with ‘circolo dell’eclittica’, and enclosed by a zodiacal strip 2.6 centimetres wide. The strip is graduated and lists the zodiacal signs with their symbols above and the gregorian calendar months below. Six further rings (or ''armillae'', in Latin) are mounted inside the outer skeleton, at the heart of which is fixed the gilt sphere representing the Sun. Furthest away from this are the ring of Saturn, then Jupiter, Mars, earth, Venus and Mercury. Earth’s globe measures 2.5 centimetres in diameter and is connected to the main axis via one brass arm that also connects it to the small disc representing the Moon. All rings can be moved around to best describe and understand their orbits. Each planetary ring is filled with information regarding the planet’s inclination, the revolution time in days, hours and minutes, and the distance to the Sun in ‘Miriamenti o Leghe Nuove’. A similar French-language example is kept at the national Maritime Museum in Greenwich, London. Dekker, Elly, ‘Globes at Greenwich’, OUP, 1999, ASTO631.
including VAT ($18,060 • €16,520 rates)
[Medieval woodblock T-O world map] [Untitled circular world map from a woodblock of 1491.] Paris, Nicolas Couteau, 1543. Woodblock, two sheets joined. Circular map, diameter 300mm, letterpress in borders. A fine example.
A scarce circular woodblock world map, first issued in the 1491 edition of 'La Mer des Hystoires', published in Lyon. It follows the T-O format with east at the top of the map, so Asia filling the top half, Africa bottom right and Europe bottom left, with Jerusalem at the centre. The map shows different countries and cities as hills or islands, with the Pope shown behind the walls of the Vatican and England and Ireland on the edge just left of the centre. Other vignettes include the Devil, the Tree of the Sun and the Moon, dragons and a phoenix. 'La Mer des Hystoires' was a French translation of the ' Rudimentum Novitiorum', 1475, an encyclopaedic world history based on medieval theology, which contained the first detailed maps ever printed, pre-dating the illustrated editions of Ptolemy. Although this map is smaller than the 1475 original a number of mistakes were corrected and the text is much clearer than in the previous editions. Campbell calls it 'the work of a thinking individual'. SHIRLEY: Mapping of the World, 17.
($21,285 • €19,470 rates)
[A double hemisphere world map with California as an island] Typus Orbis Terrarum. German? c.1700. Coloured. 175 x 255mm.
A small-format map of the world, showing the 'islands' of California and Korea, an indistinct Cape Horn and a Great Southern Continent. Under the map are representatiosn of the Four Seasons, with a salamander for fire, eagle for air, flowers for earth and a pair of unrealistic dolphins for water.
($968 • €885 rates)
[A map of the oil fields of the world] Le Petrole dans Le Monde. Paris: Union des Chambres Syndicals sw l'Industrie du Pétrole, 1958. Colour lithograph. Sheet 985 x 1210mm. Folded as issued.
A large map of the world on Mercator's Projection, marking the oil fields and areas with oil-producing potential. Insets show details of North America, Venezuela and the Middle East, a map showing the tanker routes during the Suez Crisis of 1956, and tables of oil production expansion and sources of power since 1900.
($2,129 • €1,947 rates)
[An unrecorded map of North America] North America. London, c.1755. 190 x 240mm. Binding folds flattened.
An unrecorded map of North America, based on the small-format map by Thomas Jefferys of c.1751, but with an elaborate vignette integrated into a tree, covering the unknown parts of the west coast. At the top is a bear entering a cave, with wild horses, a bison, deer, wolves, natives and a waterfall underneath. Over the Atlantic is the title cartouche featuring whaling. It is likely that this map was published in a periodical but we have been unable to trace it.
($1,548 • €1,416 rates)
[A map of Pennsylvania with an early use of 'Pittsburg'] Map of the Province of Pensilvania. London: T.Kinnersley, 1759, Sheet 135 x 210mm.
A map of the Province of Pennsylvania published to illustrate the conflict between the British, French and their native allies for control of the area during the Seven Years' War (known as the 'French and Indian War in America). In particular it marks Fort Duquesne, a French fort on the Ohio River. In September 1758 the British attacked the fort: an advanced force was crushed by the French, who then burned the fort and retreated before the main force arrived. The British then rebuilt it as Fort Pitt, which evolved into Pittsburgh. This map was published in 'The Grand Magazine of Magazines. or Universal Register', which was mostly written by David Henry. Published as a competitor to the 'Gentleman's Magazine', Henry appears not to have scruples about the sources of his illustrations; this map seems to have been adapted from Kitchin's map for the 'London Magazine', published in 1756, before these events. Thus this map is marked 'F.t du Quesne now called Pittsburg', a very early usage of the name.
($839 • €767 rates)
[The destruction of George III's statue on the Bowling Green, New York, 1776] La Destruction de la Statue Royale a Nouvelle Yorck. French, c.1790. Original colour. 320 x 440mm. Slight surface soiling, very good impression.
An event at the beginning of the American Revolution: after the Declaration of Independence was read out in New York on July 9th, 1776, some of the Sons of Liberty attacked the lead statue of George III on the Bowling Green, breaking it up and, according to folklore, melted down for bullets. Several versions of this scene were published, including versions by Chereau and Bassett in Paris, where anything anti-British was popular. This example is unsigned.
($710 • €649 rates)
[Turn of the century view of New York] New-York. German, c.1900. Chromolithograph. 625 x 825mm.
An imposing bird's-eye view of New York, centred on Manhattan with the Brooklyn Suspension bridge (here called the East River Bridge) spanning the East River. Governors Island is in the bottom right.
($3,612 • €3,304 rates)
[A speculator's map of East Texas during the 1920s Mexia oil boom] Geological Map of the Great East Texas Oil Fields. The Mexia oil field, great as it is, is but the beginning of a series of gusher oil fields which will extend some 200 miles along the famous Balcones Fault line... Fort Worth: the Mitchell Interests, c.1921. Wood engraved map, printed in colour, three half-tone portrait and text printed in black and red on reverse. Sheet 555 x 285mm. Folds reinforced on reverse with some minor loss of text.
An advertising flyer by 'Mitchell Interests' hoping to profit from the Texas oil boom by encouraging investment in land for which drilling leases could be sold to oil companies. The text on the reverse starts ''Evidence! Proof! Verdict! One Hundred per Cent Profit for Myself and Associates". At the bottom is a remittance form at $20 a share.
Although Henry F. Mitchell's company makes much of the succcesses of Colonel Albert E. Humphreys (''King of the Wildcatters'') and ''the Greatest Geologist of the Age'', F. Julius Fohs, neither were connected to Mitchell.
($2,838 • €2,596 rates)
[Map of Guadeloupe to illustrate news of the Seven Years' War] Guadalupe, with the Adjacent Islands. London: T.Kinnersley, 1759, Sheet 105 x 205mm, with 5pp. letterpress.
A map of the French colony of Guadeloupe during the 1759 capture by the British, with a text description of the actions. Because of the importance of the island's sugar to the French economy Guadeloupe became a target for British operations during the Seven Years' War (1756-63). Late in 1758 a fleet was sent to the West Indies with orders to attack French and Spanish Colonies, including Guadeloupe, Martinique and Cuba. Guadeloupe surrendered in May 1759, remaining in British hands until the island was handed back in the Treaty of Paris. This map was published in the March edition of 'The Grand Magazine of Magazines. or Universal Register'. Mostly written by David Henry, the magazine was published as a competitor to the 'Gentleman's Magazine'. The circulation was never high and it folded in 1760.
($323 • €295 rates)
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