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OLEARIUS, Adam. [An important 17th century map of the River Volga]
Accurata Delineatio Nobilismi. Toti. Europae Fluminis Wolgae olim Rha Dictae Schleswig, 1663. Coloured. Four sheets conjoined as issued, total 395 x 1140mm. Repairs at joins, laid on linen.
An impressive map of the Volga River from the Caspian Sea to Nizhniy Novgorod (birthplace of Maxim Gorky), engraved by Christian Lorensen Rothgiesser, orientated with north to the right. Adam Ölschläger (latinised as Olearius) visited Persia between 1635 & 1639 as secretary to a mission from Holstein in Germany to open up a trade route for Persian silk via Russia and the Caspian Sea. His map was one of the first published in the west to show the Caspian as being longer than wider, something he himself has witnessed. The decorations on the map emphasise Ölschläger's interest in trade: besides the prospects of Astrakan and Saratov there are a scene of a huge pile of fruit and a fruit-laden garland.
[Ref: 15844]    £2,500.00 ($3,500 • €2,833 rates)

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