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[The story of the Spanish Armada from the House of Lords tapestries] The Tapestry Hangings of the House of Lords: Representing the several Engagements Between the English and Spanish Fleets. In the ever memorable Year MDLXXXVIII... London, John Pine, 1739. Later full calf gilt, marbled edges; engr. title, dedication, pp. (ii) (list of subscribers) + 24, engr. map, 10 maritime views, 10 charts printed in pairs, the views and charts printed in blue within black separately-printed decorative borders.
A superb commemoration of the Spanish Armada of 1588. The book contains ten sea battle views drawn by Clement Lemprière after tapestries hanging in the House of Lords; and ten charts of the progress of the skirmishes drawn by Hubert-François Gravelot after Robert Adams, all engraved by John Pine. In 1591 Lord Howard of Effingham commissioned the Dutch marine painter Hendrik Cornelisz Vroom to design ten scenes of the Spanish Armada to be made into tapestry wall-hangings by François Spierinck of Delft. In 1616 the tapestries were bought by James I, who had them hung in the House of Lords, where they remained through Revolution and Restoration, only to be destroyed when the Houses of Parliament burnt down in 1834. This left Pine’s book as the only record, so it is lucky that Pine worried that ''Time, or Accident, or moths may deface these valuable shadows'. The charts were copied from those of Robert Adam, engraved by Augustine Ryther and published in 1588. The text is an historical account of the Armada, a description of the plates and an explanation of the medals and other ornaments. MCC: 4.
($30,000 • €27,840 rates)
[Claude Lorrain's 'Book of Truth'] Liber Veritatis; or A Collection of Prints after the original designs of Claude le Lorrain; in the collection of His Grace the Duke of Devonshire. Executed by Richard Earlom in the Manner and Taste of the Drawings... 3 vols. London: Boydell & Co, 1777 (vols 1 & 2) , & Hurst, Robinson & Co, 1819. Folio, matching later half calf gilt, edges uncut; Vol I: mezzotint frontis portrait of Claude, pp. 14 (incl. title), 100 numbered mezzotint plates printed in sepia; Vol II: pp. 5 (incl. title), plates 101-200; Vol III: mezzotint frontis portrait of Earlom, pp. (viii)(incl. title), stipple portrait of Boydell + 100 numbered mezzotints. Complete. Boards worn, some spotting of plates.
A fine collection of 300 mezzotints engraved by Earlom after the works of Claude Gellée (c. 1600-82), better known as Claude (of) Lorraine, a painter who helped popularise landscapes. While still in his thirties his client list included Pope Urban VIII. However this fame led to a number of works being mis-attributed to him, often fraudulently, so in 1636 he started cataloguing his works by making tinted outline drawings of each painting he completed, with the name of the purchaser marked. Six sets of this 'Liber Veritatis' or 'Book of Truth' were sent around Europe, allowing the authenticity of Claude's paintings to be checked. One set came into the art collection of the 2nd Duke of Devonshire, and it was this example that was copied and published by John Boydell, with the text listing the titles, original owners and present owners (if known). The publication must have been a success because the third volume of mezzotints was published over 40 years later and 15 years after Boydell's death, this time from drawing in other collections besides the Duke of Devonshire's. By 1819 Earlom, the engraver of all three hundred landscapes, was 76. In order to reproduce the drawings accurately Boydell turned to mezzotint, a method not often used for landscapes but, printed in sepia, mimicked the pen and wash originals effectively. The result was described by Col. Abbey as 'a landmark in the history of reproduction of master drawings'. ABBEY: Scenery 200; the Duke of Devonshire's 'Liber Veritatis' sketchbook is now in the British Museum.
($13,750 • €12,760 rates)
[A scarce set of city views presented as a contemporary board-mounted booklet] Book 9: Twelve Views of Cities. Douze Vües de Villes. London: Carington Bowles, c.1780. Original colour. Twelve etchings, each sheet 180 x 280mm, each laid on card, stitched with canvas trim. Light wear on front illustration (Rotterdam),binding cord replaced.
Twelve numbered European city views, titled in English and French, including London, Venice, Valletta, Gdansk and Constantinople. It was 'Book 9' of 31 sets of prints published by Carington Bowles between 1771-85, which his catalogue of 1784 described as 'Various sets, or books, of beautiful and entertaining prints, on half sheets of fine demy paper; containing 12 prints in each. Price 3s. plain, or 8s. each book, finely coloured'. The set is: 1. A View of Rotterdam and the River Muese, with variety of shipping. Vüe de Rotterdam et de la Meuse, avec divers vaisseaux. [&] 2. A General View of the City of Amsterdam, from the Tye. Vüe Generale de la Ville d'Amsterdam, du Coté du Tye. [&] 3. A General View of the City of Madrid, the Capital of Kingdom of Spain. Vüe Generale de Madrid Ville Capitale du Roicaume d'Espagne. [&] 4. A General View of the City of Constantinople. Vüe Generale de la Ville de Constantinople. [&] 5. A General View of the City of Paris, taken from an Eminence in the Village of Chaillot. Vüe Generale de la Ville de Paris, de la hauteur du Village du Chaillot. [&] 6. A General View of the City of Venice. Vüe Generale de la Ville de Venice. [&] 7. A General View of the City and Fortification of Malta. Vüe Generale de la Ville et des Fortification de Malte. [&] 8. A General View of the City of Naples. Vüe Generale de la Ville de Naples . 9. A General View of the City of Lisbon. Vüe Generale de la Ville de Lisbon. [&] 10. A General View of the City of Dantzick. Vüe Generale de la Ville de Dantzick. [&] 11. A General View of the City of Florence, from the Convent of Capuchins at Montuge. Vüe Generale de la Ville de Florence, du Convent des Capucins à Montugi. [&] 12. A General View of the City of London, taken from the Bowling Green at Islington. Vüe Generale de la Ville de Londres, du Boulin Grin à Islington. On the reverse is an ink ownership inscription: 'Capt.n Harrison 11th Royal Veterans'. The Royal Veteran Battallions were founded in 1802, primarily as a 'Home Guard' during the Napoleonic Wars. The 11th Battalion, raised in 1807, were stationed on Guernsey, Winchelsea, Bexhill and the Isle of Man. However in 1812: three companies were sent to garrison Anholt, a Danish island captured by the British in 1809 in order to restore the important lighthouse turned off by the Danes to hinder British convoys. The 11th was disbanded in June 1815, a matter of days after the Battle of Waterloo.
($7,500 • €6,960 rates)
COOK, Captain James.
[Cook's Third Voyage, with the First Map of Hawaii] A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, Undertaken, By the Command of his Majesty. Performed under the Direction of Captains Cook, Clerke, and Gore, In His Majesty's Ships the Resolution and Discovery; in the Years 1776, 1777, 1779, and 1780. The Second Edition. London: Nichol & Cadell, 1785. Three vols ( without the plate volume ), 4to, original calf, morocco title labels, rebacked, marbled boards with bookplate on front pastedowns. Vol 1, title + (viii) (contents) + xcvi + 421, 7 engraved plates; vol 2, title + (xii) (contents) + 548, 9 engraved plates; vol 3, title + (xi) (contents) + 556, 6 engraved plates. Complete as 'List of Plates', with plates in the atlas volume marked with asterisks.
The account of James Cook's Third, and fatal, voyage, during which he discoved Hawaii, then sailed north to pass through the Bering Straits looking for a North West Passage. Blocked by the Arctic ice wall, he returned to Hawaii where he was killed. Although this set lacks the plate volume it does contain Cook's important map of Hawaii, at the beginning of Vol 3. Mitchell Library: 1552.
($5,000 • €4,640 rates)
[The famous sociological survey of London] Life and Labour of the People in London. First Series. [&] Second Series. [&] Third Series. [&] Final Volume. London: McMillan & Co., 1902. First edition of the complete work. 17 vols & map case, original parchment-papered boards, gilt-decorated spines, partially unopened; Series 1 with map case with five coloured folding Poverty maps, illustrated in text with graphs & tables; Series 2 illustrated in text with graphs & tables; Series 3 with 20 coloured folding maps (lettered A-U, although 'I' was not used) and sketch maps in text; 'Final Volume' with coloured folding map in rear pocket. Some spotting of text throughout.
A fine set of the three series that made up Booth's socio-economic survey of London, including his famous Poverty map which colour-coded streets according to the degree of wealth of the inhabitants, ranging from black ('Lowest class'), through shades of blue and purple ('Poor', 'Mixed', 'Fairly Comfortable'), to red ('Well to do') and yellow ('Wealthy'). Booth (1840-1916), owner of the Booth Shipping Line, acted in response to an 1886 Pall Mall Gazette article that claimed that 25% of Londoners lived in poverty. Booth regarded this figure as wildly exaggerated, so recruited a team of volunteer researchers (including his cousin Beatrix Potter) to compile an analysis of social conditions based on field visits and interviews with local police, clergy and employers. The First Series of 'Life and Labour' (1889), covering the East End, showed that 35% lived in poverty. The Second Series (1891), covering the rest of the city, showed that no less than 30 per cent of the city's total population could be classed as poor. The Third Series (1902) covered Religious Influences. The 'Final Volume' (also 1902) contained notes on social influences and Conclusions, with a map marking places of worship, public elementary schools and public houses.
($22,500 • €20,880 rates)
[An important Italian translation of Ovid's 'Metamorphoses'] Le Trasformationi di M. Lodovico Dolce. In questa quarta impressione da lui in molti luoghi ricorrette. Venice: Gabriel Giolito de Ferrari, 1557. Fourth edition. 4to, C18th half calf with marbled boards and endpapers; pp. (xvi)+309+(i)+colophon; woodcut title and text illustrations throughout, incl. world map on p.3. Unidentified engr. ex-libris label & Italian bookseller's label on front paste-down.
The fourth edition of Lodovico Dolce's translation of Ovid's 'Metamorphoses', first published 1553. It is illustrated with numerous woodcuts, including a world map which is an amalgam of Macrobius and Gastaldi: the shape is that of Macrobius, with the zones around the equator and windheads; however on North America are 'Terra del Bacalaos' and 'Nueva Hispania' of Gastaldi. The Straits of Magellan also appear. Lodovico Dolce (c.1508-1568) was a prolific author: he wrote comedies, tragedies and histories; edited the works of Dante, Boccaccio and Tasso, among others; and translated Greek and Roman classics, including texts by Homer, Euripides Cicero and, of course, Ovid. Publius Ovidius Naso (43 BC-17/18 AD), better known as Ovid, published his Metamorphoses in 8 AD. A narrative poem, it contained over 250 myths relating to the world from its creation to the deification of Julius Cæsar. It was incredibly influential, and was one of the first books printed in English, by William Caxton in 1480. SHIRLEY: 95 for world map.
($3,000 • €2,784 rates)
DE BRY, Theodore et al.
[An important book on early American exploration] [The Great or American Voyages] Frankfurt: 1594-1617. Parts I-VI only (of 13) in one volume. Latin text. Folio (335 x 235 mm), 17th century vellum over pasteboard, the flat spine with small panel outlined in gilt with rolls, titled in gilt within the panel. Various neat repairs, part VI lacking 2nd section (from page 108 including 2nd frontis. and 28 plates), binding with neat repairs to spine and the board edges, endpapers replaced.
De Bry's important collection of voyages of exploration to the Americas, containing several landmark maps of the continent. Included are Hariot's account of the English colony in Virginia (second edition, second issue, 1606), with the important map of the Roanoke colony in Virginia and plates after John White; Jacques Le Moyne's Florida (second edition, 1609), with his map of south east North America and engravings of Florida and its inhabitants; Hans Stadius's Brazil (second edition, first issue, 1605) with his map of Peru and Brazil; and Girolamo Benzoni's History of the New World (first two parts second editions, 1594 & 1617, the third the first edition of 1596), with maps of the Western Hemisphere, the West Indies and New Spain, and a view of Cusco.
($96,875 • €89,900 rates)
[An Italian edition of Hennepin's account of Louisiana] Descrizione della Luigiana, paese nuouamente scoperto nell'America settentrionale... Tradotta dall' Idoma Francese nell' Italiano. dal P. D. Casimiro Frescot Benedittino. Parma: Valerio Zani, 1691. 12mo, later boards; pp. , numbered 423-455; folding map, neatline 215 x 285mm. Map trimmed close to neatline on left side for binding.
Interesting edition of Reverend Father Louis Hennepin's 'Description de la Louisiane', first published in Paris in 1683. Usually seen as part of Zani's 'Il Genio Vagante Biblioteca Cusioa', a collection of 23 accounts of voyages in four parts, this example was an extract, separately issued to satisfy interest in America. The text is an abridgement of Casimir Frescot's translation, first published by Monti in 1686. Hennepin's work contained the first published account of La Salle's journey past Niagara Falls into the Illinois country and onto the Upper Mississippi River, including the first to use the name Louisiana. Here Louisiana is written across a blank region, with only a dotted line suggesting the route of the Mississippi to the Gulf of Mexico. The river is called 'R. Colbert' after Jean-Baptiste Colbert (1619-1683), French finance minister. BURDEN: 682, state I of II.
($2,375 • €2,204 rates)
ROBERT DE VAUGONDY, Didier.
[An early examination of comparative cartography of North America] [Recueil de 10 Cartes Traitant Particulierement de L'Amerique du Nord.] Paris, Diderot, 1779. Folio, modern half calf gilt; 10 numbered folding maps as called for.
The complete set of ten maps compiled by Didier Robert de Vaugondy from different souces (including the Russians and Japanese) and published in a supplement to Denis Diderot's monumental 'Encyclopédie, ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers'. The maps compare the different published versions of the cartography of North America, the North Pacific and Bering Strait, and north-east Asia. Shown on these maps are many myths and falsehoods: California as an island; the kingdoms of Anian and Quivira; Jesso or Ezo above Japan; the Mer de l'Ouest; and the fictitious discoveries of 'Bartholomew de Font', including the North West Passage. Most of these theories were cast aside at the end of the decade, with news of Captain Cook's Third Voyage (1776-80), which mapped the North Pacific in far better detail. However this work remains important as one of the first studies of comparative cartography.
($2,063 • €1,914 rates)
TIMKOVSKI, Egor Fedorovich.
[The plate volume from an account of a Russian diplomat's journey to Peking] Voyage a Péking, a travers la Mongolie, en 1820 et 1821. Traduit du Russe, par M. N******, et revu par M. J.-B. Eyriès; Ouvrage publié, avec des Corrections et des Notes, Par M. J. Klaproth. Atlas. Paris: Dondey-Dupré, 1827. Folio, original printed wrappers; pp. 32 (including letterpress title); lithographed title with vignette, folding map, 2 double-page plans and eight lithographic plates, as called for. Some foxing.
The plate volume from the account of the journey through Mongolia of a Russian Mission to Peking, written by diplomat Egor Fedorovich Timkovski. A 1728 treaty with China allowed the Russians to keep a Russian Orthodox school and a church in Peking, although they were only allowed to send one mission a decade to change the staff, making Russia the only Western country with a permanent presence. Timkovski accompanied the mission of 1820, departing from Kyakhta in August and crossing the Gobi Desert. His account was edited by the orientalist and explorer Heinrich Klaproth, who had previously travelled through Mongolia in 1805-1807 as part of an unsuccessful Russian embassy to the Imperial Court. At the front of this Atlas Klaproth contributes a statistical overview to the atlas, detailing the wealth, agricultural output, and population of each of the Chinese provinces, with an estimate of 142,326,734 for the entire nation. The text includes a description of each plate (which includes the titlepage vignette in the numbering).
($1,063 • €986 rates)
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