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[Arctic America] Carte Particuliere de L'Amerique Septentrionale ou sont Compris Le Destroit de Davids, Le Destroit de Hudson, &c. Amsterdam, c.1705. Original colour. Two sheets conjoined, total 590 x 830mm. Very fine condition.
A large chart showing from the west coast of Ireland, Iceland, Greenland and the bays of Arctic America. The abundance of English placenames is a testament to their efforts to find the North West Passage, hoping to reach the East Indies without having to pass the French and Spaniards!
Of interest are the pair of channels traversing the tip of Greenland, the upper one called 'Destroit de M. Vorbischer' (Strait of Martin Frosbisher). These appear as a consequence of the Zeno hoax of 1558, which put the mythical island of Frisland on most maps of the period. Martin Frobisher (1535-94) sailed across the Atlantic in 1576 to look for the North West Passage: he landed on Greenland but thought it to be the non-existent Frisland shown on his charts. When he sailed on and touched land he thought he had arrived in Greenland when in fact he was at what is now Frobisher Bay on Baffin Island in the Canadian Arctic. Entering the bay he believed he had discovered a strait on Greenland, and even two more voyages (1577 & 1578) did nothing to make him doubt himself. Over a century later this chart was published with his mistake still included.
Frobisher did not have much luck: he also mistook iron pyrite for gold-bearing ore and a narwhal corpse for a unicorn. Fortunately his career as an English privateer was more successful and his service during the Spanish Armada of 1588 earned him a knighthood.
This chart was published in Mortier's issue of Jaillot's 'Atlas Nouveau', although it also appeared in Mortier's 'Neptune Francois' sea-atlas. KOEMAN: Mor 1.
($896 • €823 rates)
[A two-sheet chart of the St Lawrence River] An Exact Chart of the River St Laurence, from Fort Frontenac to the Island of Anticosti shewing the Soundings, Rocks, Shoals &c with Views of the Lands and all necessary Instructions for navigating that River to Quebec. London: Robert Sayer, 1775. Outline colour. Two sheets conjoined, total 610 x 950mm. A few small repairs.
A detailed chart of the St Lawrence, published close to the outbreak of the American Revolution. The main chart shows from Anticosti Island to Quebec, with the continuation to Lake Ontario in an inset above, and three other inset details.
($960 • €881 rates)
[A scarce Spanish two-sheet sea chart of Newfoundland] Carta Esférica en dos hojas del Banco y la Isla de Terranova con parte parte de la Costa de Labrador.... Madrid: Direccion de Hidrografia, 1840-c.1860. Touches of original colour. Two sheets, each c. 630 x 935mm. South sheet wiith some toning.
A detailed Spanish sea chart of Newfoundland on two sheets. The lighthouses are marked with colour.
($1,536 • €1,410 rates)
LOON, Jan van.
[A scarce 17th century sea-chart of the West Indies] Pascaarte vande vaste Cust en Eylanden van Westindien, Als mede de Virginis en Nieu-Nederland, van C. Droge tot C. Cod. Amsterdam, c.1661. Original colour. Sheet 435 x 540mm. Narrow top margin, with minor restoration at top edge.
A rare and decorative sea chart of the West Indies, with the Eastern Seaboard north to Cape Cod, with 'Manhates' marked. This chart was first published in 1661, three years before the British took New York from the Dutch. Johannes and Gilles Van Loon were amongst the many chart makers working in Amsterdam in the wake of the Dutch merchant marine activity around the world. Although the chart derives from one published by Gerritsz of some 30 years earlier this extends further north to include the New England south coast, and also charts the Pacific coast of Central America, off which a Dutch ship is illustrated for the first time in that location. A finely engraved and important chart. KOEMAN: Loon 1, 31; BURDEN: 367, 'uncommon'.
($3,648 • €3,349 rates)
[17th century sea-chart of the West Indies] Pascaerte Van Westindien De Vaste Kusten En de Eylanden. Amsterdam, c.1666. Original colour. 459 x 540mm. Two short tears repaired at left and right sides.
Decorative chart of the West Indies, with the Eastern Seaboard north to Delaware Bay. An inset shows the coastline of Cuba around Havana. BURDEN: 389.
($3,200 • €2,938 rates)
MOUNT & PAGE.
[A British chart of the Lesser Antilles] A Chart of the Caribe Islands. London: W. & J. Mount and T. Page, 1748. 435 x 530mm.
A chart of the Lesser Antilles, orientated with north to the right, showing from Purto Rico south to Trinidad and the Gulf of Paria. This example comes from Mount & Page's 'The English Pilot. The Fourth Book Describing The West India Navigation...', the first sea atlas of America containing charts only from English sources.
($896 • €823 rates)
[A British chart of the triangular Atlantic Trade] A General Chart of the Western Ocean. London: W. & J. Mount and T. Page, 1748. 465 x 580mm. Narrow margins as issued , minor repairs to edges, a fine impression.
A chart of the North Atlantic between Land's End, Guinea, 'Wild Brazile', Florida and Newfoundland, the region of the triangular Atlantic trade. Merchant ships would fill with British manufactured goods, exchange them in West Africa for slaves and transport the slaves to the plantations of the Americas, where they would be exchanged for raw materials like sugar and tobacco, which would in turn be sold to the factories in England. The chart was first issued by John Seller in his 'Atlas Maritimus' c.1675. This example comes from Mount & Page's 'The English Pilot. The Fourth Book Describing The West India Navigation...', the first sea atlas of America containing charts only from English sources. See SHIRLEY: Maps in the Atlases of the British Library, M.M&P-5c for an edition of the following year.
($1,088 • €999 rates)
[A British sea chart of Jamaica] The Island of Jamaica. London: W. & J. Mount and T. Page, 1748. 410 x 530mm. A dark impression.
A chart of Jamaica with an inset of Port Royal. First published c.1700, this example comes from Mount & Page's 'The English Pilot. The Fourth Book Describing The West India Navigation...', the first sea atlas of America containing charts only from English sources.
($960 • €881 rates)
[A scarce English chart of Antigua] A Large draught of the Island Antegua. London: W. & J. Mount and T. Page, 1748. Coloured. 260 x 330mm, set in text.
First published c.1700, this example comes from Mount & Page's 'The English Pilot. The Fourth Book Describing The West India Navigation...', the first sea atlas of America containing charts only from English sources.
($474 • €435 rates)
[An 18th century chart of Barbados] Barbados. London: W. & J. Mount and T. Page, 1748. 290 x 260mm, set in text.
A sea chart of the coasts of Barbados, with a letterpress description of the island and a woodcut coastal profile underneath, from Mount & Page's 'The English Pilot. The Fourth Book Describing The West India Navigation...', the first sea atlas of America containing charts only from English sources. It was original published by Thornton on the same plate as a chart of Bermuda, but for some reason the charts were separated, with the original title for Barbados also cut.
($614 • €564 rates)
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