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[Map of the Balkan Peninsula published at the height of the Greek War of Independence] Carte de la Turquie d'Europe (Partie Septentionale), présentant d'après les meilleures cartes et les documents les plus recens, cete partie de l'Empire Ottoman depuis Constantinople jusqu'aux frontières des Empires d'Austriche et de Russie. [joined with 'Partie Méridonale.] Strasbourg & Paris. 1828. Original colour. Two lithographic maps, dissected and laid on linen as one, as issued, total 1020 x 900mm. With blue paper slipcase with ownership label of the Comte de Robersart. Slipcase worn.
A detailed map of Greece and the Balkan States, with insets of the Dardanelles and Bosphorus, originally published in 1827, the year of the Battle of Navarino, this edition the year that the Russians declared war on the Ottomans in support of Greece. That year the Russians laid siege to three key Ottoman citadels in present-day Bulgaria: Shumla, Silistra. & Varna, only taking Varna before the end of the campaign season. The following year the Russian army crossed the Balkan mountains into Romania, fighting to within 45 miles of Constantinople before the Ottomans sued for peace. In 1832 the Treaty of Constantinople was signed, agreeing the borders of the new Greek kingdom.
($968 • €885 rates)
[Italy's Second War of Independence] Carte Topographique du Théatre de a Guerre en Italie. Paris: Andriveau-Goujon, 1859. Steel-engraved map with original hand colour, dissected and laid on linen, total 730 x 1060mm, folded into original gilt-lettered covers.
A French folding map published for the Second Italian War of Independence, 1859, with the Kingdom of Sardinia allied with the France of Napoleon III against the Austrian Empire. The war was short and inconclusive, as both France and Austria had reasons to call it off. The map is hatchured to show relief, showing the difficult terrain the war was being fought in.
($290 • €266 rates)
[The Second War of Independence] A Map of the Theatre of War In Italy. London: James Wyld, c.1859. Original colour. Lithograph, sheet 650 x 850mm, dissected and laid on linen, original blind-decorated cloth boards with gilt title. Ownership inscription, "Captain Acton, Dublin 20th May 1859", on front pastedown.
A map of northern Italy, published to illustrate news reports about the Second War of Independence, 1859, with the Kingdom of Sardinia allied with the France of Napoleon III against the Austrian Empire. The war was short and inconclusive, as both France and Austria had reasons to call it off.
Wyld published a similar but smaller map for the First War of Independence, 1848: this map is larger and has the names of the various states and railways overprinted.
($619 • €566 rates)
BEAULIEU, Sébastian de Pontault.
[Siege of Roses, Catalonia] Plan de La Ville de Roses en Catalogne, Asiegée le 2e d'Avril par Les Armées du Roy Tres Chre.s, Comandees par le Maréchal du Plessis Praslain, Rendue a l'Obeissance du Roy, le 29e May Ensuivant 1645. Paris, c. 1694. 415 x 533mm.
A plan of the siege of Roses in Girona by the French forces, during the Catalan Revolt of 1645, in which Catalonia sided with France against Castilian-dominated Spain. It was not until the Treaty of the Pyrenees (1659) that control of Catalonia was restored to Spain. With an inset of the town and its defences in the top left hand corner together with an explanatory table, and an inset map of the location of Roses in the lower left hand corner. With a company of footsoldiers and mounted cavalry in the foreground. From Beaulieu's atlas "Les Glorieuses Conquestes de Louis le Grand".
($439 • €401 rates)
ANVILLE, Jean Baptiste B. D'.
[The War of the Quadruple Alliance in Spain, 1719] Carte du Royaume d'Aragon... Theatre de la Guerre d'Espagne. Paris, 1719. Dissected and laid on linen, total 890 x 790mm. Splits in folds of linen.
A rare antique map of the Aragon region, once owned by Honoré Charles Michel Joseph Reille Marshal of France, who campaigned in the area during the Peninsula War. Although it was originally published during the War of the Quadruple Alliance (1718-20), in which Britain, France, Austria and the Dutch Republic rounded on Philip V of Spain because of his expansionist plans in Italy, it was still an important map during the Peninsula War. Reille (1775-1860), was an extremely important figure in Napoleon Bonaparte's army: he was Commander of the Army of Portugal at Vitoria during the Peninsula War, and commanded the II Corp (25,000 men) at Waterloo. He was later made a Maréchal of France and is buried in Pére Lachaise cemetary in Paris in the tomb of his father-in-law, Maréchal Messéna.
($2,322 • €2,124 rates)
LE ROUGE, Georges-Louis.
[Mahon & Gibraltar besiged during the Seven Years' War.] Gibraltar Avec les nouveaux ouvrages faits depuis le dernier Siege. Les Lignes Espagnoles Levé nouvellement sur les Lieux. Plan du Port et Ville de Mahon, du Fort S.t Philippe et ses Fortifications. Paris: 1756. 505 x 690mm.
Scarce broadsheet maps of two of Britain's Mediterranean possessions, published when both were under siege during the Seven Years War (1756-63). At the top is Gibraltar, oreintated with north to the left, with a 40-point key listing features of both the British defences and the Spanish siege lines crossing the neck of the peninsula. To the right is an inset chart of the western Mediterranean. Underneath is Mahon Harbour, then Britain's most important naval base outside the British Isles, orientated with north to the bottom right, with a 32-point key. At the mouth of the harbour is St Philip's Castle and Fort Marlborough, the latter being the only part of the British defences still extant. MapForum.Com: Checklist of Charts of Mahon Harbour, 36, state 1 of 2.
($1,097 • €1,003 rates)
[Original broadsheet plan of the Battle of Trafalgar] Plan of the Attack by Lord Nelson, on the Combined Fleet, October 21st 1805. London: Robert Dodd, 1805. Coloured aquatint, 265 x 365mm, with letterpress text underneath, sheet size 660 x 440mm. Some wear, with loss of text, laid down.
A broadsheet antique print, showing the plan of the first moments of the Battle of Trafalgar (21 October 1805), the British fleet under Admiral Lord Nelson, splitting into two columns to break the crescent formation of the Franco-Spanish fleet. Robert Dodd (1748-1815), one of the leading marine painters of the day, published this broadsheet less than a month after the battle. Although the British fleet is shown will full rigging, the ships of the Combined Fleet are almost diagrammatic: immediately under the plate is a note from the artist explaining that for clarity's sake "the artist has judged it best (to avoid confusion that the smallness of scale would occasion), to dispense with exhibiting their Sails and Rigging, which if introduced, would in this View, have prevented their different Flags from being seen". The rest of the sheet is given over to letters written by Vice Admiral Cuthbert Collingwood, Nelson's second-in-command, to the Admiralty describing the battle and the loss of Nelson, and tables listing the ships of each fleet. National Maritime Museum: PAF4741.
($3,225 • €2,950 rates)
[Cardinal Richelieu and the Huguenots at Oleron] Carte De la Coste de la Rochelle a Brouaige et de l'Isle d'Oleron Observee par le Sr. de Chattillon ingenieur du Roy. 1627. Paris, c.1632. Old colour. 400 x 520mm. Faint damp stain in lower border.
Oleron shown in detail, with an inset showing the route of an English fleet to La Rochelle. At the time of mapping the area was a stronghold of the Protestant Huguenots, under siege by the Catholic monarchy under the control of the infamous Cardinal Richelieu. In events forming the background to Alexandre Dumas's novel 'The Three Musketteers', Charles I of England sent the Duke of Buckingham and a fleet of 90 ships and 10,000 men to relieve La Rochelle. The expedition was a failure and the next year Richelieu took the town, causing the Huguenot diaspora to England and America. PASTEREAU: Tavernier IIa 39.
($542 • €496 rates)
RASPE, Gabriel Nikolaus.
[The British 'Descent' on Cherbourg during the Seven Years' War] Plan der Stadt und Vestung Cherbourg auf der Französischen Küste von Bretagne welche Aº 1758 von den Engellaendern in Besüz genomen worden. Nuremberg, Raspe, c.1760. Original colour. 230 x 380mm. Stitch holes in left margin.
A scarce map of the British raid on Cherbourg in August 1758, published in Raspe's 'Schau Platz des gegenwaertigen Kriegs' (Plates illustrating the Current Wars). This was the second of the 'Descents', lightning raids on the French coast championed by William Pitt in 1758. The first, on St Malo, had been a great success, as was this attack, in which the Cherbourg was taken and the defences destroyed, before the British withdrew after less than a week. However another attack on St Malo in September was a disaster, as the French were better prepared, bringing the 'Descents' to an end.
($323 • €295 rates)
RASPE, Gabriel Nikolaus.
[The British 'Descent' on St Cast during the Seven Years' War] Plan der Bataille bey St Cast 4 Meillen von St Malo in Bretagne den 11 Sept: 1758 Zwischen den Engellandie und Franzoesischen Trouppen. Nuremberg, Raspe, c.1760. Original colour. 230 x 370mm. Stitch holes in left margin.
A scarce map of the British raid on St Cast in August 1758, published in Raspe's 'Schau Platz des gegenwaertigen Kriegs' (Plates illustrating the Current Wars). This was one of the 'Descents', lightning raids on the French coast championed by William Pitt in 1758. The first, on St Malo in June, had been a great success, as was another on Cherbourg in August. However this attack on St Cast in September was a disaster, as the French were better prepared, bringing the 'Descents' to an end. Despite this the effect on French morale meant the raids had been worthwhile.
($323 • €295 rates)
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