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[War of the Spanish Succession in Austria and Bavaria] Theatre de la Guerre en Austriche, Baviere, Souabe, le Tirol, en le Pays aux Environs. Amsterdam, c.1700. Original colour. Four sheets joined in pairs, each pair 930 x 590mm.
Yet another theatre of the Europe-wide 'War of the Spanish Succession', here showing the French push towards Vienna. Just after this map was produced Prince Eugene of Savoy and John Churchill combined to crush the French at the Battle of Blenheim, 1704. Although this map comes from Mortier's issue of Jaillot's 'Atlas Nouveau', it appears to be his own work. KOEMAN: Mor 1.
($750 • €696 rates)
[The 'Nine Years War' in the Palatinate] Téatre de la Guerre sur le Rhein, Moeselle, Mayn & le Necker... Amsterdam, c.1705. Original colour. Two sheets conjoined, total 960 x 600mm.
One of the three main theatres of the 'Nine Years War' (1688-97), also known as the 'War of the Grand Alliance' and, where it spilled into the Americas, 'King William's War'. The Palatinate was ravaged by the French armies of Louis XIV, with every major city on the Rhine above Cologne being sacked. The whole area became depopulated, with much of the civilian population fleeing, many to Pennsylvania. Although this example comes from Mortier's issue of Jaillot's 'Atlas Nouveau' the map would have been intended as a separate-issue, allowing the purchaser to follow the news of the war. KOEMAN: Mor 1.
($375 • €348 rates)
[The defences of Frankfurt during the Seven Years' War] Plan of the Imperial city of Franckfort. London: T.Kinnersley, 1759, Sheet 105 x 205mm.
A plan of the defences of the Hessian city of Frankfurt, occupied by the French early in 1758, and not returned until the end of the Seven Years' War. This map was published in the January edition of 'The Grand Magazine of Magazines. or Universal Register'. Mostly written by David Henry, the magazine was published as a competitor to the 'Gentleman's Magazine'. The circulation was never high and it folded in 1760.
($250 • €232 rates)
[The Battle of Bergen, 1759] Plan of the Battle of Bergen, fought April 13 1759. London: T.Kinnersley, 1759, Sheet 105 x 205mm. Narrow bottom margin.
The Battle of of Bergen, between an allied army of British, Hanoverian, Hessian & Brunswickian troops against the French, near Frankfurt-am-Main during the Seven Years' War. The allies, led by Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick, were repulsed by the smaller French army. However Ferdinand redeemed himself at the more decisive Battle of Minden later in the year. This map was published in the February edition of 'The Grand Magazine of Magazines. or Universal Register'. Mostly written by David Henry, the magazine was published as a competitor to the 'Gentleman's Magazine'. The circulation was never high and it folded in 1760.
($188 • €174 rates)
[Map of the German theatre of the Seven Years' War] A Map Showing the Winter Quarters of the Hanoverian & French Armies. London: T.Kinnersley, 1759, Sheet 105 x 205mm. Narrow bottom margin.
A map of Germany, centred on Westphalia and showing Frankfurt, Hanover, Cologne & Dortmund. In April 1758 Britain agreed the Anglo-Prussian Convention with Frederick II of Prussia. agreeing to subsidise Frederick's war efforts to the tune of £670,000 and supply 9,000 troops to his army. This was of greater interest to the British monarch, the Hanoverian George II, who was keen to protect his German realm, than to William Pitt, who was more concerned with Britain attacking France's overseas colonies. This map was published in the January edition of 'The Grand Magazine of Magazines. or Universal Register'. Mostly written by David Henry, the magazine was published as a competitor to the 'Gentleman's Magazine'. The circulation was never high and it folded in 1760.
($94 • €87 rates)
BRONNER, Heinrich Ludwig.
[The Battle of Bergen] Bataille De Bergen... Frankfurt, c.1759, original colour, 485 x 490mm. Binding folds flattened.
A detailed plan of the Battle of Bergen, fought on the 13th April, 1759, during the Seven Years' War, in which the French army, under the Duc de Broglie, withstood an army commanded by Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick, made up of his troops with British, Hanoverian & Hessian allies. Although the French won it did little to change the course of the war.
($281 • €261 rates)
RASPE, Gabriel Nikolaus.
[The Battle of Wilhelmsthal, during the Seven Years' War] Plan der Action bey Græbenstein und Wilhemsthal den 24. Junii 1762. Nuremberg, Raspe, c.1762. Original colour. 190 x 330mm. Stitch holes in left margin.
A scarce map of the Battle of Wilhelmsthal in Hanover on 21st July 1762, during the Seven Years' War, published in Raspe's 'Schau Platz des gegenwaertigen Kriegs' (Plates illustrating the Current Wars). Realising the Seven Years' War was coming to a close, France made a final attempt to occupy Hanover. However, at the Battle of Wilhemsthal, the Allied army of British, Prussian, Hanoverian, Brunswicker and Hessian troops, command of the Duke of Brunswick, nearly surrounded the superior French army and broke them, forcing them to retreat in confusion. The British 5th Regiment of Foot captured a large numbert of French grenadiers: they were awarded the privilege of wearing the grenadiers' caps, which, in modified form, remained part of theirt uniform for over a century.
($200 • €186 rates)
RASPE, Gabriel Nikolaus.
[The Battle of Nauheim, during the Seven Years' War] Plan der Action bey Friedberg zwischen denen Franzosen u: Allürten den 20. August Aº 1762. Nuremberg, Raspe, c.1762. Original colour. 215 x 305mm. Stitch holes in left margin.
A scarce map of the Battle of Nauheim (or Johannisberg) during the Seven Years' War, published in Raspe's 'Schau Platz des gegenwaertigen Kriegs' (Plates illustrating the Current Wars). After their defeat at the Battle of Wilhemsthal on on June 24, 1762, the French iwithdrew across the Fulda and dug in to a defensive position to wait for the Prince de Condé's army to join them. Ferdinand, the Prince of Brunswick, moved the opposing Allied army to try to keep the two French armies apart. This battle, was fought for control of the high ground at the Johannisberg. The allies had to withdraw after considerable loss.
($156 • €145 rates)
FER, Nicolas de.
[Scarce map of the Great Northern War] Carte Pour l'Intelligence des Affaires Presente des Turcs, des Tartares, Des Hongrois, des Polonois, des Suedois, et des Moscovites Aux Environs de la Mer Noire et de la Mer Baltique. Paris: 1711. Some original outline colour. 540 x 640mm. Top margin narrow and worn.
A map of north and east Europe half-way through the Great Northern War (1700-21), a battle for domination between Sweden under Charles XII and the Russia of Peter the Great, with Denmark-Norway, Great Britain, the Ottoman Empire, Poland-Lithuania, Prussia, Hanover, etc, also involved. Russia came away the victor, becoming the major power of the region.
($1,125 • €1,044 rates)
COVENS & MORTIER.
[A rare silk campaign map of the Russo-Austrian-Turkish War (1735-9)] Theatrum Belli ad Borysthenem Tyram & Danubium Fluvios gesti A.o MDCCXXVIII. St Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Science & Amsterdam: Covens & Mortier, c.1738. 550 x 670mm. Splits to folds reinforced on verso.
A rare printing on silk of this uncommon, separately issued map of Moldavia and Ukraine, extending from Hungary to the Crimea. It was published by the Russian Royal Academy of Science for the Russo-Austrian-Turkish War (1735-9). The Russians had two main objectives: stopping the raids of the Crimean Tatars into the Ukraine and, more importantly, gaining access to the Black Sea. The war started well, with armies under Field Marshal Burkhard Christoph von Munnich & General Peter Lacy (born in Ireland) capturing a number of important fortresses, including Azov, Perekop & Karasubazar. However the defeat of Austria and the threat of both plague and war with Sweden forced the Russians to the negotiating table, where they gave up its claims to Crimea and Moldavia in theTreaty of Nis. Printing a map on silk made it much easier to carry, so it is likely that it was issued for officers in the Russian army to keep in their pockets. The silk could take more punishment than paper, being folded more easily and not weakened when wet. However not being stored within protective boards in a rich man's library make them less likely to survive. Thus examples of silk maps of this age are extremely rare.
($5,000 • €4,640 rates)
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