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Records: 81 to 90 of 115
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  LONDON 
 London Maps 

BOOTH, Charles. [The West End from Booth's Poverty Map of London]
Map K West Central London (1900). London, 1900. Lithographic map with original hand colour. Sheet 235 x 315mm.
A map of Soho, Bloomsbury, Fitzrovia Covent Garden, Mayfair and St James's, one section (of twenty) of an extended version of the incredibly influential Poverty Map, originally published in Charles Booth's 'Life and Labour of the People in London', a founding text of British sociology. The key gives seven colour codes for the degree of wealth of the inhabitants (ranging from black - 'Lowest class', through shades of blue and purple - 'Poor', 'Mixed', 'Fairly Comfortable', to red - 'Well to do' and yellow - 'Wealthy'). Booth (1840-1916), owner of the Booth Shipping Line, acted in response to an 1886 Pall Mall Gazette article that claimed that 25% of Londoners lived in poverty. Booth regarded this figure as wildly exaggerated, so recruited a team of volunteer researchers to compile an analysis of social conditions based on field visits and interviews with local police, clergy and employers. The first volume of 'Life and Labour' (1889), covering the East End, showed that 35% lived in poverty. The second series, covering the rest of the city (1891) showed that no less than 30 per cent of the city's total population could be classed as poor. See HYDE: Victorian Maps of London, 252.
[Ref: 17328]    £550.00 ($740 • €629 rates)


BOOTH, Charles. [North London from Booth's Poverty Map of London]
Map D. - North London (1900). London, 1900. Lithographic map with original hand colour, backed on cloth. Sheet 385 x 435mm.
One section (of twenty) of an extended version of the incredibly influential Poverty Map, originally published in Charles Booth's 'Life and Labour of the People in London', a founding text of British sociology. Showing Barnsbury, Kentish Town, Kings Cross, Camden Town, Hoxton, Highbury, Holloway, and Tufnell Park. Booth (1840-1916), owner of the Booth Shipping Line, acted in response to an 1886 Pall Mall Gazette article that claimed that 25% of Londoners lived in poverty. Booth regarded this figure as wildly exaggerated, so recruited a team of volunteer researchers to compile an analysis of social conditions based on field visits and interviews with local police, clergy and employers. The first volume of 'Life and Labour' (1889), covering the East End, showed that 35% lived in poverty. The second series, covering the rest of the city (1891) showed that no less than 30 per cent of the city's total population could be classed as poor. See HYDE: Victorian Maps of London, 252.
[Ref: 17327]    £800.00 ($1,077 • €914 rates)


LONDON UNDERGROUND ELECTRIC RAILWAYS. [Early map of what was to become the 'London Underground']
London Underground Electric Railways Johnson, Riddle & Co., 1908. Colour lithograph. Sheet 305 x 425mm.
A map of the underground lines run by the Underground Electric Railways Company of London, founded in 1902 by the American financier Charles Yeakes: the 'Hampstead Tube', 'Piccadilly Tube', 'Bakerloo Tube' and 'District Railway', here all coloured black. By this time the UERL was in financial difficulties, having underestimed passenger numbers. Later the same year the other companies agreed to join the 'Underground' publicity campaign. The reverse is filled with illustrations advertising 'Dr Rasurel's Hygenic Wool & Peat Underclothing', including a man golfing in a Norfolk Jacket.
[Ref: 18004]    £600.00 ($808 • €686 rates)


METROPOLITAN RAILWAY. [Leaflet map of what was to become the 'London Underground' (1908-3)]
London Electric Railways. London: Johnson, Riddle & Co.?, c. December 1908. Colour lithograph. Sheet 225 x 270mm.
A paper map with the text on the reverse highlighting the Central London Line. A notice reads 'Passengers are specially requested to abstain from Spitting in the CARS and LIFTS, or on the Premises'.
[Ref: 18002]    £550.00 ($740 • €629 rates)


Anonymous. [An early 'Underground' map]
London UndergrounD Railways. Johnson, Riddle & Co., 1910. Wood engraving, printed in colours. Sheet 220 x 270mm. Wear to folds reinforced.
An early paper folding map of the Underground, published only two years after the first. This version has the background road layout removed and the key of lines moved from top left to bottom right. The mainline stations are numbered 1-13 in black blocks; other attractions are numbered 14-42 in blue (listed on the reverse), including the Japanese-British Exhibiton at White City in 1910. The proposed extension of the Central Line (here coloured blue) from Bank to Liverpool Street is marked.
[Ref: 17437]    £400.00 ($538 • €457 rates)


Anonymous. [An early 'Underground' map in a card folder]
London UndergrounD Railways. Johnson, Riddle & Co., 1910. Wood engraving, printed in colours. Sheet 220 x 270mm.
An early folding pocket map of the Underground, published only two years after the first. This version has the background road layout removed and the key of lines moved from top left to bottom right. The mainline stations are numbered 1-13 in black blocks; other attractions are numbered 14-42 in blue (listed on the reverse), including the Japanese-British Exhibiton at White City in 1910. The proposed extension of the Central Line (here coloured blue) from Bank to Liverpool Street is marked. This issue is an over-printed version of 1910 - 2, within a card folder. Two boxes on the map advertise 'H.L. Leach, Sight-Testing Optician, 210, High Road, Kilburn', with an arrow pointing at his local station, Kilburn Brondesbury; the card folder advertises 'Fredk. Leach, Jeweller & Silversmith' at the same address, with a list of products and a note about their 'Optical Department'.
[Ref: 18017]    £440.00 ($592 • €503 rates)


HORNE & Co. [A plan of Crystal Palace for the sale by auction of 1911]
Plan of Crystal Palace, Sydenham. For Sale by Auction by Howard Frank, of Messrs. Knight, Frank & Rutley, and J. Roy Lancaster of |Messrs. Horne & Co. London: Knight, Frank & Rutley, 1911. Tinted lithograph, 1010 x 1270mm. Laid on linen, original binding folds.
A large plan of Crystal Palace, adapted from the Ordnance Survey by the surveyors Horne & Co, and lithographed by Martin, Hood & Larkin. It was published in the auction catalogue for the auction sale of Crystal Palace in 1911, and details the grounds and the buildings in the immediate surroundings, including the railways stations and fire station. It shows the site of 'Sir Hiram Maxim's Captive Flying Machines', a fairground ride designed by the inventor of tre Maxim machine gun. The Crystal Palace was built in Hyde Park as a temporary building to house the Great Exhibition of 1851. Such was its popularity that it was re-erected in modified form at a permanent home in Sydenham in 1852, with two new railway stations to service it. Despite many successful exhibitions the owners went bankrupt in 1909; an announcement in The Times on 11th September 1911 set the date of the sale as 28th November 1911. However the auctioneer, Howard Frank, started a campaign to get the park saved for the nation. He has a luxurious brochure produced, containing fifty-two pages of photographs and engravings and sixty-four pages of text. It weighed approximately 3¼lb (without this map which was in a separate cover) and measured 16½in by 11in. The Lord Mayor of London, Sir Thomas Strong, called a meeting at the Mansion House for 23 October, for ‘all public bodies and persons interested in the acquisition of the Crystal Palace and its grounds for the use of the public forever’. The Mayor of Hampstead, William Woodward, wrote a letter to The Times, worried that the grounds were in danger of being given over to ‘football matches and other attractions for vulgar mobs’. Fortunately Robert Windsor-Clive, Lord Plymouth and Lord Lieutenant of Glamorgan, came forward with a deposit of £20,000 and, after reaching an agreement with the Court of Chancery, the rest of the sale price of 210,000. On the 9th November The Times ran a headline 'THE CRYSTAL PALACE SAVED'; by 1913 a fund started by the Lord Mayor was used to buy the park from Lord Plymouth.
[Ref: 16884]    £1,250.00 ($1,683 • €1,429 rates)


Anonymous. [Early map of London's underground railways]
Underground Map of London. Dangerfield Printing Company, London; 1919. 275 x 345mm.
Published just after the end of World War One, the lines are shown with reasonable geographic accuracy against an outline of the major roads. The only names above ground are open spaces, including Regents Park, Kew Gardens, Hampstead Heath and Brent Reservoir.
[Ref: 18019]    £600.00 ($808 • €686 rates)


NORTH, Stanley Kennedy. [Poster map of an exhibition at Wembley Park]
British Empire Exhibition 1924. Wembley Park. April-October Its Situation Described In Relation to the Railways of London. Done by Kennedy North 1923. London: Dobson, Molle & Co. for the British Empire Exhibition, 1924. Chromolithographic map, with half-tones on reverse. Sheet 515 x 760mm. Minor restoration to original folds.
A pictorial map of the layout of the British Empire Exhibition at Wembley Park in 1924, a swansong for the Empire as it was morphing into the British Commonwealth. It was for this exhibition that the original Wembley Stadium was built and opened the previous year. The oval is clearly visible, underneath two large areas marked 'Industry' and 'Engineering' and large pavilions for Australia, India & Canada, and smaller ones for other nations, including New Zealand, East Africa, Malay, Burma, Hong Kong & Malta. Underneath is a diagramatic map of the rail links to Wembley via the lines that are now London Underground, with a circular 'Circle Line' surrounding a silhouette of Nelson's Column against the London skyline. On the reverse are guides to the pavilions, with a note 'With the Compliments of the Sheffield Daily Telegraph', showing this printing was for the Yorkshire region. The mapmaker, Stanley Kennedy North (1887-1942), has drawn upon a number of cartographic influences, including strapwork cartouches reminicent of the first county maps by Christopher Saxton, and the arts and crafts style of the maps of his contempoary Leslie MacDonald Gill (1884-1947). North later turned to restoring paintings, becoming 'Keeper of the King's Pictures', a semi-formal role later filled by Soviet spy Sir Anthony Blunt.
[Ref: 16161]    £400.00 ($538 • €457 rates)


BETTS, J.C. [Map of Underground Railways of London]
Underground Railways of London. London: Waterlow & Sons Ltd for Electric Railway House, 1924. 445 x 370mm. Original folds flattened.
A map of the central section of the London Underground rail network, dated 'August 1924' on reverse. It shows the central stations with more geographic accuracy than the iconic design of Henry C. Beck, introduced almost a decade later, although the distances between stations outside the 'Grey Portion' are allowed to be distorted. The design is similar to earlier maps by Leslie MacDonald Gill, although ground level information has been introduced, with a stylish method of naming the streets. The reverse is filled with tables of useful information, including a detail of the Edgware extension of the Northern Line, opened that year. In the centre of London the lines are shown with reasonable geographical accuracy, but the outskirts are distorted to fit. The map is overprinted with detail relating to the 'British Empire Exhibition' at Wembley, with the back cover offering cheap return tickets including admission for 2/6
[Ref: 18005]    £300.00 ($404 • €343 rates)


Records: 81 to 90 of 115
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