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SCHEDEL, D. Hartmann.
[First Edition of the Nuremberg Chronicle, with a preserved panel from the original publisher's binding, and manuscript note in Schedel's own hand] Liber chronicarum... Nuremberg: Anton Koberger, for Sebald Schreyer and Sebastian Kammermeister, 12th July 1493. FIRST EDITION. Imperial folio (449 x 309mm), 19th century full blind stamped morocco, gilt, gauffred edges & green watered silk doublures, with an inlaid panel of stamped brown stained pigskin from the original publisher's binding designed by Wohlgemut or Pleydenwurff; 326 leaves (of 328, without the final two blank leaves), foliated (20), I-CCLXVI, (6) CCLXVII-CCXCIX, (1). (with 55/6 blank, following the unfoliated Sarmatian supplement, ff. CCLVIIII- CCLXI blank except for printed headlines.) Types: 9:165G (headlines and headings), 15:110bG (text), 64 lines and headline, table and parts of text double column. 1809 woodcut illustrations printed from 646 blocks by Michael Wohlgemut, Wilhelm Pleydenwurff and workshop. The illustrations include 29 double page town views, 8 full page cuts and double page maps of the World and Europe by Hieronymus Münzer after Nicholas Khrypffs.
The Liber Chronicarum, or Nuremberg Chronicle, was the most extensively illustrated printed book of the fifteenth century, 646 woodcuts were used to illustrate the Chronicle, but many were used more than once, so there are a total of 1,809 illustrations. It was published the year that Columbus returned to Europe after discovering America, and the woodcuts were done by Michael Wohlgemut and his stepson Wilhelm Pleydenwurff, both of whom are mentioned, very unusually, in the colophon of the work. The young Albrecht Dürer, the publisher Kolberger's godson, was apprenticed to Wolgemut from 1486-1489 and some of the plates, particularly that of the Last Judgement, have been tentatively ascribed to him. The text consists of a year-by-year account of notable events in world history from the creation down to the year of publication. It is a mixture of fact and fantasy, recording events like the invention of printing, but also repeating stories from Herodotus. Even the world map is decorated with strange beings from the far reaches, including a cyclops and a four-eyed man. The panel from the original publisher's pigskin binding, designed for the 'Liber Chronicarum' and appearing on a number of recorded copies, depicts the tree of Jesse, the root of which issues from the sleeping Jesse and contains in its branches the genealogy of Christ. In addition mounted on the xylographic title is a clipped inscription in red ink in a later fifteenth century hand, stating 'the venerable Fr Georg Pinkheimer, prior of the Carthusians at Nuremberg, gave this book to Hartmann Schedel, doctor of medicine, on the Ides of August 1496'. Schedel was an enthusiastic book collector with a large library and the inscription appears to match his hand, however, it is clear that the inscription is taken from another book as it is unlikely that Pinkheimer would have given Schedel a copy of his own book. Hartmann Schedel, a Nuremberg doctor, humanist and author of the present work, ensured its lasting importance due to the attention to and inclusion of contemporary events. Therefore he included the invention of printing, Wycliffe's heresy, and explorations in Africa and the Atlantic. The publication of this book was an enormous undertaking, requiring five years of planning and a year and a half of printing. This process is well documented due to the survival of two maquette copies, the original contract between Kolberger and his partners (Sebald Schreyer and Sebastian Kammermeister), the contract between Kolberger and the artists and other archival material in the Nuremberg Stadtbibliothek. Provenance: Dr John Bellingham Inglis; by descent to Dr C. Inglis with his bookplate to front pastedown; sold at auction in London, 11th June 1900; George Dunn of Wooley Hall with his bookplate; Cornelius J. Hauck.
($107,100 • €98,600 rates)
[Bünting's famous atlas of the bible with his figurative maps] Itinerarium Sacrae Scripturae, Das ist: Ein Reisebuch uber die gantze heilige Schrifft. Magdeburg: Paul Donat for Ambrosius Kirchners,1595, German edition. Folio, Title-page to part one printed in red and black, title-page to part II with woodcut battle scene. Contemporary blind-tooled panelled pigskin over bevelled boards, with two brass clasps; four parts in one; 9 double-page maps, 2 single page, 1 double-page plate. 1 map and 1 plate with minor edge repairs.
A fine example of a re-imagining of the Bible as a travel book, containing three of the most famous cartographical curiosities: the 'clover-leaf' world map, with Jerusalem at the centre; Europe depicted as a queen; and Asia depicted as Pegasus, the winged horse. Also there are more conventional maps of Africa and the Old World (although the silhouette of the European Queen can still be discerned], and other maps of the Holy Land and Egypt. SHIRLEY: World 142 & 143; NORWICH: Africa 17; MCC 1: Geographical Oddities 2 & 3.
($22,050 • €20,300 rates)
AVITY. Pierre d'.
[17th century Geography with Hondius-Picart carte-a-figure maps of the continents] Les Estats, Empires, Royaumes et Principautez du Monde. Lyons: Claude de la Riviere, 1659. Folio, full C18th vellum; pp. (viii)+930+(32)(index); four folding maps of the continents. Text spotted and toned, repairs to maps.
Pierre d'Avity (1673-1735) first published his 'Countries, Empires, Kingdoms and Principalities of the World' in 1614, but it was continually enlarged, even after his death. This posthumous edition was the first to contain these four maps of the continents. Although they have the name of Jodocus Hondius, three are new states of the maps by Nicholas Picart, 1644, which in turn were copied from Jan Jansson's maps of 1623 (but state 3, with bottom border panels removed), based on his brother-in-law's originals. The fourth, America, has been identified by Burden as a new plate imitating the Picart but with typographic differences, for example 'Cartage' rather than 'Cartagena' on the townplan. BURDEN: North America 333, 'very rare panelled map'; BETZ: 73.2.
($15,120 • €13,920 rates)
[A fine geography with maps by Robert Morden] Geography Anatomis'd: or the Geographical Grammar. Being a Short And Exact Analysis Of the whole body of Modern Geography... London: John Nicholson et al, 1708. Small 4to, full contemporary calf, maroon morocco filt title label; half title, title, pp. (xx)+428+(4)(publisher's ads.); 16 double-page maps by Robert Morden. Fine condition.
Gordon's Geography was an extremely popular work, with twenty editions between 1693 and 1754. The earliest had maps from Robert Morden's 'Geography Rectified'; from 1722 these were replaced by maps by John Senex, and in the last edition by Emanuel Bowen.
($2,016 • €1,856 rates)
DE L'ISLE, Joseph Nicolas.
[A treatise on astronomy & geography for mapmaking] Memoires pour Servir a l'Histoire & au Progres de l'Astronomie, de la Geography, & de la Physique. St Petersburg: Academy of Sciences, 1738. 4to; full calf gilt, inner hinges strained; pp. 284 + (12)(tables), 13 folding engraved plates. With the bookplate of Frank S. Streeter.
Joseph Nicolas de L'Isle (1688-1741) was a cartographer, mapmaker and publisher of maps and atlases; he founded the Academy of Sciences of St Petersburg and helped compile the 'Atlas Russicus', the first atlas of Russia.
($4,410 • €4,060 rates)
[The story of the Spanish Armada from the House of Lords tapestries] The Tapestry Hangings of the House of Lords: Representing the several Engagements Between the English and Spanish Fleets. In the ever memorable Year MDLXXXVIII... London, John Pine, 1739. Later full calf gilt, marbled edges; engr. title, dedication, pp. (ii) (list of subscribers) + 24, engr. map, 10 maritime views, 10 charts printed in pairs, the views and charts printed in blue within black separately-printed decorative borders.
A superb commemoration of the Spanish Armada of 1588. The book contains ten sea battle views drawn by Clement Lemprière after tapestries hanging in the House of Lords; and ten charts of the progress of the skirmishes drawn by Hubert-François Gravelot after Robert Adams, all engraved by John Pine. In 1591 Lord Howard of Effingham commissioned the Dutch marine painter Hendrik Cornelisz Vroom to design ten scenes of the Spanish Armada to be made into tapestry wall-hangings by François Spierinck of Delft. In 1616 the tapestries were bought by James I, who had them hung in the House of Lords, where they remained through Revolution and Restoration, only to be destroyed when the Houses of Parliament burnt down in 1834. This left Pine’s book as the only record, so it is lucky that Pine worried that ''Time, or Accident, or moths may deface these valuable shadows'. The charts were copied from those of Robert Adam, engraved by Augustine Ryther and published in 1588. The text is an historical account of the Armada, a description of the plates and an explanation of the medals and other ornaments. MCC: 4.
($30,240 • €27,840 rates)
[Claude Lorrain's 'Book of Truth'] Liber Veritatis; or A Collection of Prints after the original designs of Claude le Lorrain; in the collection of His Grace the Duke of Devonshire. Executed by Richard Earlom in the Manner and Taste of the Drawings... 3 vols. London: Boydell & Co, 1777 (vols 1 & 2) , & Hurst, Robinson & Co, 1819. Folio, matching later half calf gilt, edges uncut; Vol I: mezzotint frontis portrait of Claude, pp. 14 (incl. title), 100 numbered mezzotint plates printed in sepia; Vol II: pp. 5 (incl. title), plates 101-200; Vol III: mezzotint frontis portrait of Earlom, pp. (viii)(incl. title), stipple portrait of Boydell + 100 numbered mezzotints. Complete. Boards worn, some spotting of plates.
A fine collection of 300 mezzotints engraved by Earlom after the works of Claude Gellée (c. 1600-82), better known as Claude (of) Lorraine, a painter who helped popularise landscapes. While still in his thirties his client list included Pope Urban VIII. However this fame led to a number of works being mis-attributed to him, often fraudulently, so in 1636 he started cataloguing his works by making tinted outline drawings of each painting he completed, with the name of the purchaser marked. Six sets of this 'Liber Veritatis' or 'Book of Truth' were sent around Europe, allowing the authenticity of Claude's paintings to be checked. One set came into the art collection of the 2nd Duke of Devonshire, and it was this example that was copied and published by John Boydell, with the text listing the titles, original owners and present owners (if known). The publication must have been a success because the third volume of mezzotints was published over 40 years later and 15 years after Boydell's death, this time from drawing in other collections besides the Duke of Devonshire's. By 1819 Earlom, the engraver of all three hundred landscapes, was 76. In order to reproduce the drawings accurately Boydell turned to mezzotint, a method not often used for landscapes but, printed in sepia, mimicked the pen and wash originals effectively. The result was described by Col. Abbey as 'a landmark in the history of reproduction of master drawings'. ABBEY: Scenery 200; the Duke of Devonshire's 'Liber Veritatis' sketchbook is now in the British Museum.
($13,860 • €12,760 rates)
[A scarce set of city views presented as a contemporary board-mounted booklet] Book 9: Twelve Views of Cities. Douze Vües de Villes. London: Carington Bowles, c.1780. Original colour. Twelve etchings, each sheet 180 x 280mm, each laid on card, stitched with canvas trim. Light wear on front illustration (Rotterdam),binding cord replaced.
Twelve numbered European city views, titled in English and French, including London, Venice, Valletta, Gdansk and Constantinople. It was 'Book 9' of 31 sets of prints published by Carington Bowles between 1771-85, which his catalogue of 1784 described as 'Various sets, or books, of beautiful and entertaining prints, on half sheets of fine demy paper; containing 12 prints in each. Price 3s. plain, or 8s. each book, finely coloured'. The set is: 1. A View of Rotterdam and the River Muese, with variety of shipping. Vüe de Rotterdam et de la Meuse, avec divers vaisseaux. [&] 2. A General View of the City of Amsterdam, from the Tye. Vüe Generale de la Ville d'Amsterdam, du Coté du Tye. [&] 3. A General View of the City of Madrid, the Capital of Kingdom of Spain. Vüe Generale de Madrid Ville Capitale du Roicaume d'Espagne. [&] 4. A General View of the City of Constantinople. Vüe Generale de la Ville de Constantinople. [&] 5. A General View of the City of Paris, taken from an Eminence in the Village of Chaillot. Vüe Generale de la Ville de Paris, de la hauteur du Village du Chaillot. [&] 6. A General View of the City of Venice. Vüe Generale de la Ville de Venice. [&] 7. A General View of the City and Fortification of Malta. Vüe Generale de la Ville et des Fortification de Malte. [&] 8. A General View of the City of Naples. Vüe Generale de la Ville de Naples . 9. A General View of the City of Lisbon. Vüe Generale de la Ville de Lisbon. [&] 10. A General View of the City of Dantzick. Vüe Generale de la Ville de Dantzick. [&] 11. A General View of the City of Florence, from the Convent of Capuchins at Montuge. Vüe Generale de la Ville de Florence, du Convent des Capucins à Montugi. [&] 12. A General View of the City of London, taken from the Bowling Green at Islington. Vüe Generale de la Ville de Londres, du Boulin Grin à Islington. On the reverse is an ink ownership inscription: 'Capt.n Harrison 11th Royal Veterans'. The Royal Veteran Battallions were founded in 1802, primarily as a 'Home Guard' during the Napoleonic Wars. The 11th Battalion, raised in 1807, were stationed on Guernsey, Winchelsea, Bexhill and the Isle of Man. However in 1812: three companies were sent to garrison Anholt, a Danish island captured by the British in 1809 in order to restore the important lighthouse turned off by the Danes to hinder British convoys. The 11th was disbanded in June 1815, a matter of days after the Battle of Waterloo.
($7,560 • €6,960 rates)
COOK, Captain James.
[Cook's Third Voyage, with the First Map of Hawaii] A Voyage to the Pacific Ocean, Undertaken, By the Command of his Majesty. Performed under the Direction of Captains Cook, Clerke, and Gore, In His Majesty's Ships the Resolution and Discovery; in the Years 1776, 1777, 1779, and 1780. The Second Edition. London: Nichol & Cadell, 1785. Three vols ( without the plate volume ), 4to, original calf, morocco title labels, rebacked, marbled boards with bookplate on front pastedowns. Vol 1, title + (viii) (contents) + xcvi + 421, 7 engraved plates; vol 2, title + (xii) (contents) + 548, 9 engraved plates; vol 3, title + (xi) (contents) + 556, 6 engraved plates. Complete as 'List of Plates', with plates in the atlas volume marked with asterisks.
The account of James Cook's Third, and fatal, voyage, during which he discoved Hawaii, then sailed north to pass through the Bering Straits looking for a North West Passage. Blocked by the Arctic ice wall, he returned to Hawaii where he was killed. Although this set lacks the plate volume it does contain Cook's important map of Hawaii, at the beginning of Vol 3. Mitchell Library: 1552.
($5,040 • €4,640 rates)
[The famous sociological survey of London] Life and Labour of the People in London. First Series. [&] Second Series. [&] Third Series. [&] Final Volume. London: McMillan & Co., 1902. First edition of the complete work. 17 vols & map case, original parchment-papered boards, gilt-decorated spines, partially unopened; Series 1 with map case with five coloured folding Poverty maps, illustrated in text with graphs & tables; Series 2 illustrated in text with graphs & tables; Series 3 with 20 coloured folding maps (lettered A-U, although 'I' was not used) and sketch maps in text; 'Final Volume' with coloured folding map in rear pocket. Some spotting of text throughout.
A fine set of the three series that made up Booth's socio-economic survey of London, including his famous Poverty map which colour-coded streets according to the degree of wealth of the inhabitants, ranging from black ('Lowest class'), through shades of blue and purple ('Poor', 'Mixed', 'Fairly Comfortable'), to red ('Well to do') and yellow ('Wealthy'). Booth (1840-1916), owner of the Booth Shipping Line, acted in response to an 1886 Pall Mall Gazette article that claimed that 25% of Londoners lived in poverty. Booth regarded this figure as wildly exaggerated, so recruited a team of volunteer researchers (including his cousin Beatrix Potter) to compile an analysis of social conditions based on field visits and interviews with local police, clergy and employers. The First Series of 'Life and Labour' (1889), covering the East End, showed that 35% lived in poverty. The Second Series (1891), covering the rest of the city, showed that no less than 30 per cent of the city's total population could be classed as poor. The Third Series (1902) covered Religious Influences. The 'Final Volume' (also 1902) contained notes on social influences and Conclusions, with a map marking places of worship, public elementary schools and public houses.
($22,680 • €20,880 rates)
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