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[A plan of Gdansk in the 18th century, illustrating the Scottish diaspora]
Plan of the City of Dantzick. London: T.Kinnersley, 1759, Sheet 205 x 105mm. Narrow left margin.
A scarce plan of Gdansk as an autonomous city, published at a time that the Danzig Eastland Company had a larger turnover than the British East India Company. A Protestant country, Poland traded extensively with England and Scotland, particularly with wood. A major export was spruce: even the English name for the wood comes from the Polish 'Z Prus' ('from Prussia'). A major import were Scottish mercenaries, who have been recorded as fighting for Gdansk against the king of Poland in the 1570s. After 1603, James I & VI actively encouraged the kings of Poland and Scandinavia to recruit in the more peaceful Borders. So many soldiers and merchants arrived in the city that two districts grew up, called 'Scotland' and 'New Scotland' on this map, that still exist as Stare and Nowe Szkoty. This map was published in the January edition of 'The Grand Magazine of Magazines. or Universal Register'. Mostly written by David Henry, the magazine was published as a competitor to the 'Gentleman's Magazine'. The circulation was never high and it folded in 1760. KAY: The Scottish World'.