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[Celestial chart of Tycho Brahe's theories of the Universe]

image of Planisphaerium Braheum, sive structura Mundi Totius, ex hypothesi Tychonis Brahei in plano delineata.


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CELLARIUS, Andreas.
Planisphaerium Braheum, sive structura Mundi Totius, ex hypothesi Tychonis Brahei in plano delineata. Amsterdam, Schenk & Valk, 1708. Original colour with additions, including gold highlights. 440 x 515mm.
A beautiful celestial chart depicting the 'planisphere of Brahe, or the structure of the universe following the hypothesis of Tycho Brahe drawn in a planar view'. The Danish Astronomer Tycho Brahe posited a Solar System merging the theories of Ptolemy and Copenicus, so that the Sun revolved around the earth, but the planets were bound to the Sun. Jupiter is shown with four moons. In the borders the title banners are held up by putti, and portraits of Brahe at his Hven observatory bottom right and probably Ptolemy bottom left. This chart was published in the 'Atlas Coelestis; seu Harmonia Macrocosmica', the only celestial atlas to be produced in the Netherlands before the nineteenth century. It was a compilation of maps of the Ptolemaic universe and the more modern theories of Copernicus and Brahe, and remains the finest and most highly decorative celestial atlas ever produced. It was originally published by Jan Jansson in 1660: this chart comes from Schenk & Valk's reissue. KOEMAN: Cel 3.
[Ref: 13526]